The Indian government has been pushing to establish India as an MRO hub in the last few years, offering many incentives to build facilities in India. Kolkata Airport has been quick to jump on the opportunity.
As the name suggests, MRO includes maintenance, repair, and overhaul of aircraft. During their life, planes require near-constant maintenance, ranging from checks before every flight to engine maintenance every year or so, to heavy maintenance every few years.
Additionally, aircraft may have to be repaired in case they are damaged in any situation, a comprehensive task that can take a while. In India, only Air India has its own maintenance operation, while other airlines outsource their work. The Center wants to use Kolkata Airport for repair and maintenance of aircraft.
Of the eight airports recently selected, Delhi, Chennai and Kolkata are among them. There are maintenance-repairing-overhauling (MRO) centers around the world for aircraft maintenance. To push MRO activities for aircraft and helicopters in the country, the ministry has identified eight airports for attracting investments to set up MRO facilities.
The eight airports are those at Begumpet (Telangana), Bhopal (Madhya Pradesh), Chennai (Tamil Nadu), Chandigarh, Delhi, Juhu (Maharashtra), Kolkata (West Bengal)and Tirupati (Andhra Pradesh).