It is not the Su-27, 30 or Su-35, but the MiG-29 that has been the most exported fighter by Russia since the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. The MiG-29 Fulcrum is Russia’s oldest twin-engine fighter jet, still in production today. The MiG-29 entered service for the first time in the Soviet Air Force in 1982 and the production lines are still operational to this day.
Although the MiG-29 was overshadowed by the success of the Su-27 Flanker heavy fighter, first entered service in 1985 and its successors the Su-30/33/ 34 and 35; all of which are being produced simultaneously today.
The MiG-29 fighter is designed as a light fighter, can take off from field runways and is produced in large numbers, with lower maintenance requirements and operating costs. . Both the Su-27 and MiG-29 were developed in parallel, and both had their first flight in 1977.
The MiG-29 program suffered greatly from the collapse of the Soviet Union, when domestic orders were almost completely halted; most of the MiG-29, consisting of about 800 fuselage frames, was kept in reserve. Investment in modernization has been cut, due to the priority of modernizing the Su-27 fighter for export.