The Advanced Medium Combat Aircraft (AMCA) program aims to build a homegrown fifth-generation fighter jet with “sixth-generation characteristics,” intended to replace the fleet SEPECAT Jaguar, Dassault Mirage 2000, and MiG-27.
The AMCA is eyeing a complementary role for the Indian Air Force’s (IAF) air superiority fighters, to serve as a flexible force multiplier with versatile missions.
With the AMCA fighter, India will join the elite club of the US, Russia, and China, each of which has developed an indigenous fifth-generation aircraft.
The origins of India’s own fighter program dates back to 2018 when the country withdrew from the joint Russian-Indian Fifth Generation Fighter Aircraft (FGFA) program to manufacture a new fighter based on Russia’s Su-57 model.
However, military experts suggest that the technical design and projected specifications of AMCA share many similarities with the US F-35, one of the most advanced jets in the world.