On 15 June 2020, India lost 20 soldiers at the Galwan river valley in Ladakh. While India and China have had several border standoffs since the 1962 India-China War, this was the first time, since 1975, that a face-off had turned violent — albeit without the actual use of firearms, in line with the confidence-building measures in place for a long time now.
Since the clash, India and China have held several discussions at the level of senior ministers, military commanders and diplomats, and yet disengagement and de-escalation processes have not taken the direction that both sides had planned for.
While disengagement did take place in the Pangong Tso area where India had strategic advantage, the situation in rest of the areas remains the same. India has now taken a stance that unless there is peace and tranquility in the border areas, the bilateral ties will not go back to normalcy.
ThePrint spoke to eight experts on how they view the Galwan Valley clash, one year later, and what it means for the future of India-China bilateral ties:
‘New low will push Asia into divisive, uncertain scenario’
“Expectations about India and China reaching a mutual accommodation of interests at the regional and global level have evaporated. The loss of the most significant achievement since the mid-1980s — a peaceful border — has come in the wake of worrisome power asymmetry. Nationalist sentiments and mistrust are rising and the strategic discourse is hardening.
“India’s continuing economic dependence on China jostles uneasily with China’s enlarging footprint in India’s neighbourhood.