Safeguarding India’s EEZ: India to clarify interpretation of the sea laws and reinforce ocean surveillance

By Financial express

The Indo-Pacific is evolving as an important region for global naval powers due to various strategic advantages and mostly directed towards limiting the growing aggressive influence of China.

Most of the nations deploying the war fighting units in the Indo-Pacific have a direct interest in the region (like US, France, UK etc.) and wish to maintain a free, open, inclusive and a rule-based order for protecting their people, assets and other interests in the Region. The freedom of navigation and peaceful cooperative use of the seas is being promoted in the Indo-Pacific region.

India’s EEZ

India has a long coastline of about 7,500 Kms and this includes about 1,100 offshore islands. The Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) of India is enormous and measures approximately 2.01 million sq km. Indian Navy’s role are responsible for the overall maritime security of India, which includes coastal security, Islands and the offshore units. Accordingly, Indian Navy has evolved the capability to achieve superiority in a limited Regional conflict and as a forward-deployed naval power over the years.

As per the Naval tactics in place, for a forward deployment, Indian Navy has maintained two Aircraft Carrier based task forces for long range strike capabilities (though presently only INS Vikramaditya is operational due to various construction delays of Indigenous Aircraft Carrier).

In the present geopolitical scenario, India’s maritime role in the Indo-Pacific region has gained larger importance and collaborating either as part of QUAD or through bilateral or trilateral naval exercises is now a norm.

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