Some states are resorting to proxy war by supporting non-state actors, including terrorist groups, to evade international censure, said Nagaraj Naidu, Ambassador and Deputy Permanent Representative of India’s Mission to UN on Wednesday.
“Such support to non-state actors has ranged from providing and equipping terrorist groups with training, financing, intelligence and weapons to logistics and recruitment facilitation,” said Naidu.
The deputy representative added that India for decades has been subject to such proxy cross-border and relentless state-supported terrorist attacks from our neighbourhood.
“Whether it is was the 1993 Mumbai bombings, or the random and indiscriminate firings of 26/11 which witnessed the launch of the phenomenon of lone-wolves or more recently, the cowardly attacks in Pathankot and Pulwama, the world has been witness to the fact that India has repeatedly been targeted by such non-state actors with the active complicity of another host state,” he said.
Naidu further spoke about Article 2(4) of the UN Charter, which requires that states refrain from the use of force.
“The drafting history of Article 51 of the UN Charter and the relevant San Francisco Conference Report of June 1945 that considered Article 2(4) of the UN Charter mentions that ‘the use of arms in legitimate self-defence remains admitted and unimpaired’,” he said.
In this light, Naidu said that states that have exercised the right of self-defence to attack non-state actors located in other states must be consistent with Article 2(4) of the UN Charter.