India has reason to be anxious about China’s position on the Jammu and Kashmir issue with Pakistan, given the Narendra Modi government’s 2019 decision to alter the constitutional status of its territories, according to Dr C. Raja Mohan, director of the Institute of South Asian Studies (ISAS), National University of Singapore.
Raja Mohan made these remarks at the K. Subrahmanyam Memorial Lecture organised by the Manohar Parrikar Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses (MP-IDSA) in New Delhi Thursday, while explaining the complexities behind the principle of non-intervention.
The foreign policy analyst and China expert used the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence or the Panchsheel Treaty, signed by India and China in 1954, as an example of a policy that has been followed “more in breach than in its observance”.
“India was deeply riled up by China’s support to various insurgencies in India during the 1960s and 1970s,” Raja Mohan said, adding that underneath the principle of non-intervention lie mutual concerns about issues relating to territorial sovereignty.
His statement comes at a time when India-China tensions at the Line of Actual Control in Ladakh have started to cool, and their troops, which have been in a stand-off since last May, have begun disengaging.
The virtual event was held in the memory of K. Subrahmanyam, the international strategic affairs analyst who served as the IDSA’s director in its formative years. Mohan worked alongside Subrahmanyam when the latter served as director in the 1980s. Subrahmanyam was the father of India’s current External Affairs Minister and former foreign secretary S. Jaishankar.