December 4 is celebrated as Navy Day in India every year, with the aim to honour and recognise the achievements and role of the Indian Navy to the nation. A multi-dimensional and networked combat force, the Indian Navy maintains high readiness to safeguard our peninsular country’s seaward frontiers and defeat all maritime threats. Below are 10 interesting facts that prove is a formidable force on Earth.
- The Indian Navy is presently the seventh strongest maritime force on the planet, with only the United States, Russia, China, Japan, United Kingdom and France ahead of it. The force, as of June 2019, has 150 submarines and ships and 300 aircraft, and 67,252 active and 55,000 reserve personnel in service.
- The Indian Navy’s anti-ship cruise missile BrahMos is the world’s fastest operational system in its class. The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has recently increased the missile system’s range from 298 km to nearly 450 km.
- The Indian Navy’s special operations unit named MARCOS (originally called Marine Commando Force), founded in 1987, is trained and equipped to carry out operations in all environments – at sea, on land and in air. The force has acquired international recognition for professionalism.
- The Indian Navy’s ‘Sagar Pawan’, founded in 2003, is one of the only two naval aerobatic teams in the world, the other being the US Navy’s Blue Angels.
- The Indian Navy played a major role during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 by carrying out two-large-scale naval attacks – Operation Trident and Operation Python – on Pakistan’s port city of Karachi.
- The Indian Navy has completed successful expeditions to the Mount Everest, the South Pole and the North Pole in 2004, 2006 and 2008 respectively.
- The Indian Naval Academy, situated in Ezhimala in Kerala’s Kannur district, is the largest naval academy in Asia.
- The Indian Navy is the main user of India’s first exclusive defence satellite GSAT-7. It helps the maritime combat force to extend its blue water capabilities.
- With the start of World War 2, India’s naval forces, originally known as the Royal Indian Navy, played an instrumental role in maintaining the flow supplies to the UK.