‘Gar firdaus bar-rooh-e zameen ast,
Hami asto, hamin asto, hamin ast’
This couplet by celebrated mystic, Sufi poet Amir Khusro describes all that can be said about the beauty of Kashmir ‘if there is a paradise on earth, it is this, it is this, it is this’. But alas! this ‘paradise on earth’ continues to suffer continuing grief ever since Pakistan laid its evil eye on it and violated its pious land on 22 Oct 1947.
Background of Invasion in Kashmir
As the British decided to exit India, Maharaja Hari Singh of Kashmir, aspiring to keep the Jammu and Kashmir as an independent nation, did not accede to either of the newly formed nations. Pakistan laid claim on Kashmir since it is a Muslim majority region.
It ignored the fact that the criterion of division along religious majority applied only to the regions directly colonized by the British and not to princely states like J&K.