India believes it is imperative to have a new set of confidence-building measures (CBMs) as the Chinese have not adhered to and implemented the existing ones, which were laid out in five border pacts signed between 1993 and 2012.
As tensions continue to soar at the Ladakh sector of the Line of Actual Control (LAC), the decision to “conclude the new Confidence Building Measures to maintain and enhance peace and tranquillity in the border areas” was jointly taken at last week’s meeting between External Affairs Minister S. Jaishankar and Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi.
Any new CBM, however, will have to be put in place as an “addition” to what is already enumerated in the five existing border agreements, sources in Indian diplomatic community told ThePrint.
According to the sources, during the meeting between both the foreign ministers in Moscow, Jaishankar had highlighted to Wang on how Beijing violated the 1993 and 1996 border agreements by amassing its troops with heavy equipment along the LAC.
The presence of such a large concentration of troops “was not in accordance with the 1993 and 1996 Agreements and created flashpoints along the LAC” and that the Chinese side failed to give a “credible explanation for this deployment”, sources said.