Explained: As China, Nepal tensions rise, how Uttarakhand is upgrading defence infra on the border

In the context of ongoing tensions and territory issues with China and Nepal, the Uttarakhand government, along with the defence forces, has taken measures to strengthen infrastructure along its international border.

In recent weeks, the state government has taken several major decisions that will help strengthen operations of both the Army and Air Force in the border areas of the hill state.

Why Uttarakhand matters

Uttarakhand shares a 350-km border with China and a 275-km boundary with Nepal. Five of the state’s 13 districts are border districts. Chamoli and Uttarkashi share boundaries with China, whereas Udham Singh Nagar and Champawat have boundaries with Nepal. Pithoragarh is strategically very sensitive as it has boundaries with both China and Nepal.

Radar and tactical airfields

In the recent development, the Uttarakhand government has agreed to provide land to the Indian Air Force (IAF) to set up air defence radars in three districts bordering China – Chamoli, Pithoragarh, and Uttarkashi.

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