After going through delays and several rounds of improvements, can India’s indigenous main battle tank, Arjun, prove its might amid the ongoing border row with China in eastern Ladakh?
The Arjun Main Battle Tank (MBT) project was initiated in the mid-1970s, but the first two regiments of the tank were inducted into the Army starting 2004. With this India joined the league of 10 countries worldwide that have designed and developed their own MBT.
The other countries that have designed and developed their own MBT are the UK, France, Germany, USA, Israel, South Korea, Russia, Japan and China.
The state-run Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) undertook the task of developing the tank. Even with DRDO creating capabilities within the country for the fabrication of Hull and Turret for accelerated deliveries, the Cabinet Committee on Security in 2019 approved the procurement of 464 Russian made T-90MS main battle tanks in a deal worth Rs 13,400 crores.
However, it is believed that the Arjun MK I had performed better than Russian T-90s during a desert trial conducted by the Army in 2010. Among several parameters including accuracy and consistency of firepower, mobility and agility, Arjun outperformed the T-90.