The Indian and US satellites are vulnerable to China’s ground-based lasers as according to some analysts China has acquired the full capability to destroy the enemy’s satellite sensors through its lasers. China can cause great damage to Indian and US satellites during wartime. In January 2019, the Pentagon’s Defence Intelligence Agency (DIA), in a report on space threats, had disclosed and warned that China’s military is expected to deploy a laser weapon capable of destroying or damaging US military satellites in low earth orbit next year (2020).
Experts have identified one such laser station is Xinxiang, which has four buildings. While one of these buildings has satellite tracking systems and the other three could have been used to damage satellite sensors. China has also established five fixed ranging stations which are Shanghai, Changchun, Beijing, Wuhan and Kuming and the other two are mobile raising stations which can be transported from one place to another, as per their operational requirements. The ranging stations are mainly used for tracking satellites and space debris but it can also be used for damaging enemy satellites.
The report, “US Satellites increasingly vulnerable to China’s ground-based lasers” published in Spacenews reveals. “The ranging system at the Shanghai station uses a laser with a relatively low average power of 2.8 watts.