The two-nation theory resulting in the creation of India and Pakistan on religious grounds has left South Asia in a permanent state of confrontation. Kashmir has remained the major bone of contention, with other resolvable issues also linked to Kashmir.
Multiple wars, tense borders, policy of bleeding India by a thousand cuts and seeking to create a self-sustaining internal terrorist movement within Kashmir have all failed to give any advantage to Pakistan.
As decades passed, India grew stronger in every respect, while Pakistan sank deeper into the abyss. Attempts to seek a solution leading to a lasting peace enabling development for both nations have failed on multiple occasions.
While many Pakistani political leaders have understood the need for peace, the deep state that controls the nation feels the reverse. Every Indian Prime Minister has taken a step forward hoping to end the stalemate, only to be pushed back by an act of terror.
The fact that no Pakistani tactic has ever worked should have been a wakeup call for their military leadership; unluckily it has not. Pakistan was always secure in the belief that its nuclear status is a deterrent for any Indian offensive action.
Its military leadership believed that its proximity to China and a declared first-use nuclear policy would force India on the defensive, while it could explore hybrid warfare including officially employing terrorism as an instrument of state policy.