Lieutenant General (R) Jagjit Singh Aurora will always be remembered for scripting Indian Army’s victory in the 1971 Indo-Pak war and overseeing surrender of over 90,000 Pakistani Army soldiers.
The image of Lt Gen Aurora taking the signature of Pakistan Army’s Lt Gen Amir Abdullah Khan Niazi on the Instrument of Surrender on December 16, 1971, will always remain alive in the memories of the Indians, thus becoming immortal. The year 2020 marks the 104th birth anniversary of one of the most decorated officers of the Indian Army.
Lt Gen Aurora was born on February 12, 1916, in Kala Gujran, Jhelum district of undivided Punjab. He graduated from the Indian Military Academy in 1939 and was commissioned into the 1st Battalion, 2nd Punjab Regiment. Lt Gen Aurora was the General Officer Commanding-in-Chief (GOC-in-C) Eastern Command when the war broke out between the India and Pakistan in 1971.
Here Are Interesting Facts About Lt Gen Jagjit Singh Aurora:
- After the partition, Aurora opted to join the Indian Army and participated in the Indo-Pak war of 1947 as a commissioned officer.
- In May 1961, as BGS XXXIII Corps, Brigadier Aurora led a team of Army officers on a reconnaissance mission to Bhutan.
- He fought in the Sino-Indian War in 1962 as a Brigadier.
- On June 6, 1966, Aurora was appointed Deputy Chief of the Army Staff (DCOAS) with the acting rank of Lieutenant General. Finally, he was promoted to Lt Gen rank in August in the same year.
- On June 8, 1969, he was appointed the General Officer Commanding-in-Chief (GOC-in-C) Eastern Command.
- He organised and led the Indian forces in the Eastern sector against the Pakistani Army leading to the creation of Bangladesh.
- Lt Gen Aurora forced Unified Commander of Pakistan Armed Forces’s Eastern Military High Command, Lieutenant General Amir Abdullah Khan Niazi to sign an unconditional Instrument of Surrender.
- Aurora was honoured with the Param Vishisht Seva Medal and the Padma Bhushan for his role in the war.